Transferring Data Using Sync Adapters

July 16, 2013 in Android, Source Code, Tips & Tricks, Tutorial by admin

android-logoSynchronizing data between an Android device and web servers can make your application significantly more useful and compelling for your users. For example, transferring data to a web server makes a useful backup, and transferring data from a server makes it available to the user even when the device is offline. In some cases, users may find it easier to enter and edit their data in a web interface and then have that data available on their device, or they may want to collect data over time and then upload it to a central storage area.

 Although you can design your own system for doing data transfers in your app, you should consider using Android’s sync adapter framework. This framework helps manage and automate data transfers, and coordinates synchronization operations across different apps. When you use this framework, you can take advantage of several features that aren’t available to data transfer schemes you design yourself:

  • Plug-in architecture – Allows you to add data transfer code to the system in the form of callable components.
  • Automated execution – Allows you to automate data transfer based on a variety of criteria, including data changes, elapsed time, or time of day. In addition, the system adds transfers that are unable to run to a queue, and runs them when possible.
  • Automated network checking – The system only runs your data transfer when the device has network connectivity.
  • Improved battery performance – Allows you to centralize all of your app’s data transfer tasks in one place, so that they all run at the same time. Your data transfer is also scheduled in conjunction with data transfers from other apps. These factors reduce the number of times the system has to switch on the network, which reduces battery usage.
  • Account management and authentication – If your app requires user credentials or server login, you can optionally integrate account management and authentication into your data transfer.

for more information about how to create a sync adapter and the bound Service that wraps it, how to provide the other components that help you plug the sync adapter into the framework, and how to run the sync adapter to run in various ways and to download the source code, follow this link.