In case one’s interested in cross-platform development, here is a nice article about various strategies of implementing POSIX condition variables on Win32. Quoting from the article:
The threading API provided by the Microsoft Win32 [Richter] family of operating systems (i.e., Windows NT, Windows ’95, and Windows CE) provides some of the same concurrency constructs defined by the POSIX Pthreads specification [Pthreads]. For instance, they both support mutexes, which serialize access to shared state. However, Win32 lacks full-fledged condition variables, which are a synchronization mechanism used by threads to wait until a condition expression involving shared data attains a particular state.
The lack of condition variables in Win32 makes it harder to implement certain concurrency abstractions, such as thread-safe message queues and thread pools. This article explores various techniques and patterns for implementing POSIX condition variables correctly and/or fairly on Win32. Section 2 explains what condition variables are and shows how to use them. Secion 3 explains alternative strategies for implementing POSIX condition variables using Win32 synchronization primitives. A subsequent article will describe how the Wrapper Facade pattern and various C++ language features can help reduce common mistakes that occur when programming condition variables.